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The level of commitment of Kuwaitis to the social and physical distancing to face the coronavirus (COVID-19) and its relationship to Psychological Hardiness and some demographic variables.


Prof. Eisa M. Al-Balhan       Abdelmotaleb A. Abdelmotaleb,Ph.D

Education Psychology Department - Education Faculty
Kuwait University

Abstract:
This study aimed to estimate the level of commitment of Kuwaitis to the social and physical distancing to face the (COVID-19) and its relationship to Psychological Hardiness and some demographic variables. The final sample is formed of (552) Kuwaitis. This study included the following scales: a) social and physical distancing scale to face the COVID19, and the reliability of the scale was verified using the Alpha coefficient method and reached (0.79). The arbiters, International validity for the scale, Psychological Hardiness Scale (PHS), and the internal consistency of the scales were measured and they reached (0.77). The results showed that: 1)About (91.3%) from Kuwaitis are committed to the social and physical distancing to limit the transmission of the (COVID-19). 2) The commitment of Kuwaitis to the social distancing to reduce the transmission of the COVID19 came in the first place by 93.2% while Kuwaitis commitment to the physical distancing came in the second place at the rate of (89.6%). 3)About (23%) from Kuwaitis did not commit to wearing masks during their departure from the house, and nearly (14%) did not commit to wearing gloves when leaving the house, and about (14%) also did not commit to preventing any family visits for fear of spreading the infection. 4)The medical staff on the front lines came first in terms of their commitment to social and physical distancing (93.2%) while the general security staff came second in terms of their commitment to social and physical distancing (78.6%). 5) There were three variables that affect compliance the Kuwaitis commitment to social and physical distancing to confront the (COVID19) which are: Gender, Education level, and income level. The percentage of those who have consistently committed to social and physical spacing permanently is higher among females with 77.2% than male with 76%. The percentage of those who committed themselves to social and physical spacing permanently is higher among people with higher education with 76.7% comparing to the other qualifications. The percentage of those who committed themselves to social and physical spacing permanently is higher among people with higher income by 83.1% comparing to the other income levels. 6)There were significant differences between those who are committed to social and physical distancing to face the (COVID-19) and those who are not committed to social and physical distancing in psychological hardness. 7)The commitment dimension was a predictor of social and physical distancing.



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Oct 12, 2020

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