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Volume : 41 Issue : 561 2020

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Author :Mostafa Mahmoud Shaaban , ph.D
Discipline :Arabic

Linguistic harm; Its excuses and motives in Arabic grammar

The study examines the issue of grammatical thought (unfairness), and then tended to study the study of the case in two sections: the first topic: the unfairness of the lack of the structure of the word or the syntax, , And the second: the injustice of weakening the word in the face of the transitions of the voice in the word. The research adopted descriptive analytical method in dealing with this phenomenon. The most important results of the research: that the prejudice in grammatical thought damage to the word or bulk in any way, this damage is prohibited and must be removed after the occurrence based on the idea of removing the damage, an explanation by linguists explain what the wording Change and switch, and that the bug regulated laws can be agreed upon through the careful examination of their forms.

 

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Author :Rahima Aissani ,ph.D Abdulrahman Abdullah ,ph.D
Discipline :Media

Arab youth use of twitter: Site preferences and motives

This study aims to identify the extent and prevalence of the use of Twitter by Arab youth and the reasons for this preference. The study raises three questions: To what extent do Arab youth use Twitter? Why do they prefer it? Is there a variation in age, gender, education level and their country in the use of Twitter by Arab youth? A descriptive survey method was applied in order to interrogate the above questions by using the electronic questioner, which was distributed through Twitter, Google plus, Facebook, and LinkedIn. There were a number of outcomes from the study: Re: Arab youth’s use of Twitter. The results show that (72%)of the study sample have Twitter accounts and more than half of the study sample had created their accounts on Twitter in the last (1-5) years. Re the preference of Twitter usage by Arab youth: This result totally agrees with the hypothesis of the study. The study also provides some reasons for the preference for Twitter, the most important of which is these are the main reasons why the Arab young prefer Twitter as the number one platform for them.  Re the variety of Twitter use among the study sample: “statistically there are significant differences existing in the usage of Twitter among the Arab youth which are related to age, gender, education level and country. The result of the study sample responses prove that the hypothesis of the study is true which answers the third question of the study.
Keywords: Social media, Internet, Twitter, Preferences and usage motives, Arab youth’s.
 

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Author :Mohammed Taha AL- Ajiri ,ph.D
Discipline :Arabic

The separation between the vocative noun and the vocative answer in hadith books (Kutub al Sittah): A syntax and semantics study

Aim: To identify the means of separation between the vocative noun and the vocative answer clause; to detect the significance of the separation between the vocative noun and the vocative answer clause; to discuss the linguistic issues related to the separation between the vocative noun and the vocative answer clause.
Methodology: Descriptive analytical method
Main Results: of the new points non-treated earlier by grammarians:
The separation between the vocative noun and the vocative answer clause in Hadith Books (Kutub al Sittah). with the “opening Ama”.
The separation between the vocative noun and the vocative answer clause in Hadith Books (Kutub al Sittah). with an interpolated clause (a digression) followed by an adverbial clause.
The separation between the vocative noun and the vocative answer clause in Hadith Books (Kutub al Sittah). with a vocative clause where its answer clause includes the vocative particle and the vocative noun is followed by an opening clause.
The separation between the (deleted) vocative noun and the vocative answer clause Hadith Books (Kutub al Sittah). with a predicate clause that signifies supplication (invocation) followed by a vocative particle and a vocative noun.
Conclusion: It is possible to study the separation between the vocative noun and the vocative answer clause in the Holy Quran and collections of poetry in order to depict means of separation other than the ones found Hadith Books (Kutub al Sittah).
 

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Author :Soad Bint Mosleh R .AL Raddadi,ph.D
Discipline :Arabic

The Morphological Exchange in Verbs and Derivatives in the Holy Quran

practice, and related to the study of the Quran and study the vocabulary, expressions and rhetoric and clarity.
The purpose of this study is to identify the importance of the exchange morphological in enriching the meaning in the Holy Quran and clarifying it, and to stand on the manifestations of the exchange and its evidences, causes and results From the study questions: What is the exchange morphological in the Holy Quran?; what its evidence? and what is the relation between exchange and formulas and derivatives?; and is the morphological exchange standard or auditory? The study used descriptive and analytical descriptive methods, it came in an introduction, preface, three researches and conclusion, the introduction talked about the importance of the study and its objectives, methodology, questions and plan preface : Exchange morphological definition and its relation to other terms. The study included: The first research: the exchange morphological between the actual formulas; the second research: the exchange morphological between derivatives; and the third research: the causes of the exchange morphological and its results. Then the conclusion and the most important results were the phenomenon exchange morphological is similar and varies with many other linguistic phenomena load on the meaning of Grammatically exchange, giving up, and substitution. The morphological exchange is characterized by exchange the meaning between the two words and its interchange, in it enriching the meaning and diversification The context (situation )leads an important role in knowing the meaning in it, and is a kind of expansion of linguistic and moral. We can measure it for its frequent in the Holy Quran.
Key words: Exchange morphological - Derivatives - Formulas of appendages- Linguistic giving up - Holy Quran - Replacement
 

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Author :Prof .Maha Meshari AL- Sejari
Discipline :Sociology

Anemia and its main risk factors: A sociocultural study of a sample of Kuwaiti University students

Anemia is a significant public health concern that frequently affects children and women of reproductive age. However, few studies have been conducted to detect the prevalence of Anemia among Kuwaiti University students. This is a cross-sectional study that examined the association between students’ sociodemographic variables and (1) their knowledge of Anemia (factors and symptoms), (2) their attitudes toward seeking treatment, (3) their lifestyle behaviors (physical activity and dietary habits), and (4) their main sources of information about Anemia. A total of 360 Kuwaiti students aged 18 to 30 years were selected. The participants completed a self-administrated survey comprised of sociodemographic characteristics, Anemia risk factor scale, the most common Anemia symptoms scale, and sources of Anemia information. Descriptive statistics, a t-test, and ANOVA were used to analyze the data. The prevalence of Anemia among the participants was 21.7%, and the incidence was more frequent among female students (18.2%). This study demonstrated the following participant responses: the family were the main sources of information about Anemia; dizziness, pallor, and hair loss were the most common symptoms of Anemia; and iron deficiency, heredity, and fast food consumption were the most common risk factors for Anemia. Moreover, the participants’ sex and religious affiliations were significantly associated with hearing about Anemia, and the participants’ ages and educational levels were significantly associated with deficiencies that can cause Anemia. Finally, knowledge about Anemia’s risk factors was significantly associated with the participants’ age, and knowledge about Anemia’s common symptoms was significantly associated with the participants’ sex.
Keywords: Anemia, knowledge, risk factors, university students,
 

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Author :prof.Bader M.AL Ansari Talal B.ALali,ph.D
Discipline :psychology

Open-Mindedness: Conceptualization, measurement, correlations and genders differences

Open-mindedness is one of the most important yet least investigated factors, and one of the most controversial among the five factors of personality. The present study was designed to review the concept of Open-Mindedness, and examine its psychometric properties, measurements, correlation, and genders differences. This study used three independent samples with the total of (5753) undergraduates (male=2514 & female=3239) from Kuwait University students in order to assess reliability, construct validity (factorial validity & convergent & divergent validity), and gender differences. The alpha cronbach scale coefficient is ranged between 0.70 and 0.78 for males and between 0.65 to 0.87 for females. The explanatory factor analysis of NEO-PI-O extracts one factor, three factors from BFI-O, between 3-4 factors from IPIP-O, and 4-5 factors extracted from BFQ-O. A significant gender difference was reported in Open-mindedness, where females scored higher than males in NEO-PI-O, BFI-O & IPIP-O, while no significant gender differences were found in BFQ-O.  
Key words: Open-mindedness, psychometric properties, Kuwait samples
 

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