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Volume :22 Issue : 85 2004      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Objectivity of William of Tyre as a Medieval Historian (in Arabic)

Auther : Jamal Al-Zanki

The study deals with a subject relevant to the philosophy of history. It examines the objectivity of one of the contemporary historians of the crusades. This latin historian was known as William of Tyre or the bishop of Tyre. This study represents a pattern of objectivity in William, one of the medieval historians who was contemporary to the project of the crusades. William had lived in the Kingdom of Jerusalem Between 1130 till 1184 A.D the main goal of this study is to verify to what extent William’s objectivity represents in the first case that of religious historian and the layman in the second.

I have restricted this study to an examination of William’s objectivity concerning four imilitary leaders of the first crusade, these laymen. Who had shared in accomplishing the objects of that campaign, had governed the Crusade states from about 1095 till 1127. These leaders were Godfrey, the first governor of Jerusalem, his brother Buldwin, the first count of Edessa who succeeded his brother Godrfrey in ruling the Kingdom of Jerusalem, Behemond, the first prince of Antioch, and Tancred who joined his uncle on the First Crusade, and succeeded him in Antioch.

I compare William’s analyses and descriptions of these learders with the other latin contemporary historians. They are Fulcher of Charters, Rainmond d’Agiles and the author of Gesta.

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