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Volume :2 Issue : 5 1982      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Establishment Of The American Consulate In Kuwait, A Study Based On British Documents At The British Public Records Office (in Arabic)

Auther : Bader Aldin Al-Khususi

This is a new study of the circumstances and difficulties of establishing the American consulate in Kuwait.

This study is based on documents kept at the Public Record office in London. These documents reveal the conflict and competition between Britain and the United State of America after the Second World war. Britain was anxious to maintain its privileged position whereas the U. was keen on increasing and confirming its presence in an area where its oil companies were having increasing interests and activities.

When the American Oil Companies won a share in Kuwait’s oil, they brought into Kuwait a large number of American citizens to work for them. Soon after that the American authorities felt that there was an urgent need for establishing an American Consulate in Kuwait to take care of the interests of the American community in this country.

At this time the British were having a privileged position in Kuwait, on the basis of the Special Friendship Treaty with the Saikh of Kuwait signed in 1899. The Americans therefore started contacts with the British to find out how they would react to the idea of establishing an American Consulate in Kuwait. Afraid that the American presence would have bad effects on the British influence, the British at first did not welcome the idea, and suggested instead that the American Consul in Al-Basra should offer Consular services to the American community in Kuwait.

To make sure that their interests would remain safe, the British made clea their reservations and conditions concerning the political items in the agreements with the American Oil Companies working in Kuwait, and concerning the judiciary measures to be taken an the authority that would appoint the American consul. The Americans received these British reservations and conditions with toleration, and thus they removed the British fears and paved the way for themselves to establish their consulate in Kuwait.

 
 

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