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Volume :2 Issue : 5 1982      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Symbol of Mirror in Philosophy (in Arabic)

Auther : Mahmoud Rajab

This paper treats the mirror – metaphor in three contexts:

  1. The aesthetical context: Plato referred in the tenth book of the Republic to the artist’s mirroring of the world by imitation, though he judged this representation to be of little value, since it deals only with appearances.
  2. The recourse to mirror in order to illustrate the concept of imitation continued to be a favorite with aesthetic theorists long after Plato.

     

  3. The ontological context: The mirror remains the fundamental metaphor employed by mystics of Islam to explain the idea of theophanies.For Ibn Arabi, everything we call other than God, everything we call universe, is related to the Divine Being as the shadow for his reflection in the mirror to the person. The world is God’s shadow (or epiphanic forms).
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  5. The epistemological context: since the beginnings of modern thought philosophical discussion of knowledge has been dominated by the notion of representation. The mind is compared to a mirror that reflects reality. In seventeenth century speculation (Descartes, Bacon and Locke) the reference to a looking glass is frequent and explicit.
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