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Volume :2 Issue : 6 1982      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Grief In The Poetry Of Salah Abdul-Sabour (in Arabic)

Auther : Abdu Badawi

 

This paper deals with the poetry of Salah Abdul-Sabour. This phenomenon has been the secret force, which shaped the form and content of the poet’s world. The paper attempts to clarify the motives behind this phenomenon and its impact on his poetic performance.
The poet suffered a great deal to complete his education. When he completed his education he was soon faced by the rise of the revolution of the 23rd of July 1952. This revolution requested him to “choose” between its New World and the old world. He found himself unable to serve under any of its banners and at the same time he could not approve of the Old World. He was internally torn between the two worlds, after great effort he decided not to commit himself and chose the attitude of a spectator who watches what goes around him. But storms were blowing strongly and the poet’s attitude displeased many. In some situations the poet preferred to be hurt rather than take a definite stand. This grieved the poet so much, and his grief was further aggravated by his illnesses. Thus we find the poet moaning, prophesying his own death, and coloring everything around him(even the cheerful world of love) with Grey gloomy colors. All this led the poet to embrace “universal sorrow” especially when outlook on ,modern life was expanded and he came to see the world as hateful, life as boring and full of treachery, and man as actually dead though not yet buried. Naturally, this forced him to undergo “alienation” from self, from social life, and from man at large. He joined a group of misanthropes who saw human bodies topped with heads of beasts. He sympathized with those who loved and yearned for death, and yearned for death and finally he withdrew from so many things to “be alone” with himself.
The poet’s cultural sources have been carefully delineated. It has been pointed out those sorrow forms a major feature. Of those sources: the poet’s heritage of ancient Egyptian grief: the folk literature with echoes the tones of defeat, the poet’s wanderings among the sorrows of the old and new testament, the world of sufism whose wings and tunes are broken, and his readings in Eliot. He imitated man of Elite’s characteristics such as “fragmentariness” and “disconnectedness which suggest the decline and breakdown of civilization.
The poet’s sorrowful career is echoed in his vocabulary, imagery music, etc. we have studied his music in  particular and pointed our its metrical defects. It is our opinion that these defects are a reflection of the sorrow the poet yields to  we have defined that periods in which the poet submits to such defects. And at the same time we have pointed out that he is entitled to ignore the rules of prosody. We have supported our view by quoting a prosodist (Al_kaleel), a poet (Adulatahiya), a critic (Hazim AlQartajani) and linguist (Ibn-faris).
In general, we have pointed out the poet’s distinctive peculiarities of expression, and concluded that they all  pring, like blood, from the phenomenon of grief which dominated the poet’s life. This paper has therefore been devoted to the study of that phenomenon.
 

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