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Volume :6 Issue : 23 1986      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Role of Phonological Rules in Arabic Dictionaries (in Arabic)

Auther : Daoud Abdo

As expected, Arabic dictionary entrances include vocabulary items without any prefixes or suffixes. The user of the dictionary can find aqa:m أقام “stayed”, for instance, or da? A دعا “invited”, but not aqamtu أقمت “stayed” or da? At دعت “she invited. Thus the user needs to apply a phonological rule that shortens the long vowel (of aqa:m أقام and da? A دعا upon adding the suffix to produce the correct results.

Since vocabulary items are listed in their surface structure forms in Arabic dictionaries, applying morphological and/or phonological rules to these forms will not always produce correct results. Wrong results are likely to be produce when an item has an underlying structure which differs from its surface structure. Several examples are discussed in the article to illustrate this. To solve this problem, the author suggests that the dictionary should include the underlying structures of such items along with their surface structures.

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