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Volume :7 Issue : 26 1987      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Development of the Zaidi Creed in Yemen (A Passage Taken From the Book of Shifa'a Sudour El Naas By: Ahmad Bin Mohammad Bin Salah Al-Sharafi) (in Arabic)

Auther : Mohammad Eisa Al-Hariri

I found this manuscript, which is small in size, in the group no. 8 among the valuable collections in the western library at the Big mosque in the historical city of sana’a. I also found another version (No. 122) of the same manuscript, written as an epilogue for a book entitled “oddatu AlAkian”. Through my study of the two versions of the manuscript, it became clear to me that al-Sharafi, the author, had taken the historical date of his manuscript from another book of his, entitled Shifaa Sudour El-Naas. It became clear to me also that the subject matter of the manuscript deals chiefly with the development of the Zaidi Creed in Yemen. Although the author started the manuscript with a historical introduction about the beliefs of the people of yemen during the days of the Umayyads and the Abbasides. Such an introduction was, as Al-Sharafi saw it, important for the accuracy of the historical survey he presented in the manuscript.

In that particular manuscript there is a rapid reference to the rise of the state of Zaidi imams in sa’ada as a prelude to the chief theme of the manuscript. Then the manuscript determines historically the differences between three important stages in the history of the Zaidi Creed in Yemen.

The first stage begins with the spreading of the Zaidi Creed in Yemen in the Year 284 Hegira by Imam AL-hadi Ela Al-Hakk Yehia Bin Al-Hussein. The second stage begins by the advent of Gafar Bin Abdel Salam from Iraq who brought the books of Al-Mutazila to refute Al-Motarafia Group – that was dissented from the Zaigion to revive the old Zaidi thought which was not subject to the domination of Al-Mutazila thought.

 

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