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Volume :9 Issue : 35 1989      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Franco-Libyan Relations During the French Occupation to Fezzan 1943 - 1955 (in Arabic)

Auther : Mohammad R. Rayan

This historical study deals with the Franco-Libyan relations during the French Occupation to Fezzan from 1943-1955. The concern of France with Fezzan started late in the 19th century of the time when it dominated the tropical Africa and wide areas of the desert including Chad and western Africa. This concern with Fezzan was due to the interest of France to connect these colonies with others in North Africa, i.e. Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco, in which Fezzan forms an important geographical link.

France succeeded in convincing other colonial countries from the area, particularly Britain and Italy. Agreements were signed between France and those countries who acknowledged the right of France in ruling those areas. France also con-fronted the local powers including the ottomans state, which had the authority on Libya including Fezzan, and also the Sanusi movement. The occupation of Fezzan was the last step that was taken by France, and this was accomplished during the second World war between 1941-1943 with the cooperation of Britain which occupied Cyprenaica and Tripolitania at that time.

The French regime in Fezzan applied rules similar to what used in Algeria. Fezzan was seperated from the other region of Libya, the desire of independence from other areas was evoked among the population of Fezzan, and discrimination among them was performed in order to keep a weak province dependent on France and cannot avoid the attachment with it.

When the Libyan issue was discussed after the war in the international conferences and later in the United Nations, France tried to seperate Fezzan from the issue and to prolong its occupation for it after it succeeded in forming a loyal administrating machinary that kept Fezzan as a bridge connecting it colonies. The France-Libyan relation was taking the historical stream influenced by the consideration that France was intending to dominate Fezzan; and the other variables which appeared in the area in the fifties of this century.

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