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Volume :10 Issue : 37 1990      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Evaluation of the Brown-Holtzman Survey of Study Habits for Counseling Kuwaiti Students (in Arabic)

Auther : Al-Adel Mohammad Abu Allam

This investigation was undertaken to evaluate the Brown-Holtzman Survey of Study Habits as a tool for research work, and as an instrument for counseling Kuwaiti Students who plan to study in the U. S. A. The subjects were 94 male and 482 female undergraduate psychology students at Kuwait University. The number of credit hours completed by these students ranged from 27 to 123.

The distributions of scores for the Study Habits scale as well as the Delay Avoidance and Work Methods subscales were examined. They tended to be normal in shape, and were free of any irregularities that might put restrictions on the statistical analyses of the results of the survey if used for research purposes.

Reliability was measured by coefficient alpha, which was found to be .80 for Delay Avoidance, .75 for Work Methods, and .86 for Study Habits. Examination of the standard errors of measurement revealed that the Arabic version of the survey equaled the American version in measurement precision.

The cumulative grade point average (GPA) was used as a criterion for evaluating the validity of the survey. Validity coefficients, which ranged from .16 to .24, were statistically significant at the .05 level, but were lower than the validity coefficients re-ported by Brown and Holtzman who used one-semester grade point average as a criterion. The differences in validity results of the Arabic and the American versions of the survey were explained in terms of factors related to the sampling procedures and criteria used in the validation of the two. versions.

It was found that Kuwaiti students with high GPA obtained, on the average, high study habits scores when compared with low GPA Kuwaiti students, and also when compared with the American norm group. The study revealed, however, that about 20% of the high GPA Kuwaiti students scored below the average first-semester American student in study habits. Therefore, the Study Habits Survey may be of value as a tool for counseling kuwaiti students who plan to study in the U. S. A. It can be used to identify students who may encounter academic difficulties due to ineffective study habits; it can also be used for diagnosing these difficulties.

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