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Volume :10 Issue : 40 1992      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Variant of Ornamental Repetition Methods in the Geometrical Patterns, in the Bahria Mamluk Period (in Arabic)

Auther : Esam Arafa Vahmoud

This research project began with an introduction about the attention of the Muslim artist given to the science of geometry, which was beneficiary to him in the building of his ornamental geometrical patterns. The Introduction also talked about the extent of awareness and the importance the artist gave to the methods of repetitive ornamention.

Repetitiveness was a necessity in the building of the ornamental geometrical patterns. The introduction was followed by a preface about the sequence of the methods of repetitive ornamentations from one pattern to another, in an attempt to identify and classify these different methods. The main reason is to deepen the awareness of the standard of the Muslim artist. Another reason is to fimiliarize art students and artists with the artistic importance of these of methods.

The study of this research project included identifying the methods used in civilizations prior to the Islamic civilization, and which the latter assimilated, added to and improved upon throughout the Islamic periods, reaching its peak in the Bahria Mamluk period. In this study, the different wall ornamentations were analysed and looked upon at the mosques of Cairo during the Mamluk period. All the methods of ornamental repetitiveness that were used in them were classified. They were grouped in three main methods which were: translation, reflection and circulation. Each of these methods was subdivided into repetition methods on different geometrical axes, the horizontal, the vertical, the circulational, the multi-positioned and ones with more than one axis. The research project includes what the researcher reached of multitudinal results that revealed the artists ability - in the Bahria Mamluk period - of mixing the different methods of repetitive ornamentations with the shape of the ornamental unit used, and using different kinds of repetitiveness in one pattern. It also considers the effect of this in using different kinds of exchanging methods between the shape and the background. It goes on to discuss the effect of the variations used in achieving the best spread - out of the ornamental elements within the pattern. Furthermore, in achieving and accelerating excellence in the method of exchanging colours in the pattern, and the role played by the methods of repetition in centering the elements of the pattern round an axis and then in the creation of different shapes, the research project included 27 shapes, which were the work of the researcher and an addition of 35 plates.

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