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Volume :13 Issue : 51 1995      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Contemporary Arab Concerns: A Critical Study of Al-Sharqawi's Two-Part Play (in Arabic)

Auther : Abdel-Mordi Zakariya Khaled

All genres of literature, especially drama, are closely related to history since all writers draw on history for their themes and subject matter. History and drama are both characterized by development in time, relying on fixed rules culminating in inevitable ends.

Dramatic writing draws on history not in a single form, it might depend on an event or a historical character. Shargawis play Gods Revenge in its two parts, AI-Hussein as a Rebel and AI-Hussein as a Martyr, is an example of drawing on history for subject matter.

A critical reading of the play shows that Sharqawi depicted an eminent Islamic character of the first Hijra century, that is AI-Hussein Ibn Ali, On that character he projected the concerns and problems of todays Arab world. In other words, Al-Sharqawi selected an ancient character whose problems and concerns essentially resemble our own current Arab problems drawn from Arab tradition and history. This was the historical character or event that acts as an objective corrrelative of the authors experience, communicating symbolically, his ideas and issues. The receiver does not find much difficulty decoding the authours message, concerning the ,main question of the work of art, mainly about power, authority, justice, freedom and commitment. It is only enough to refer to AI-Husseins roaring voice at the end of the play. He is the writers mouthpiece. AI-Sharqawi paid more attention to the people who caused corruption in his society than to the acts of corruption, oppressors more than the result of oppression. The question is not about AI-Husseins death but rather about who the killer of the voice of truth was and why he did it.

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