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Volume :14 Issue : 56 1996      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Adolescents in Kuwait and Pittsburg (U.S.A.): Results of a Cross-National Study

Auther : Qassem Al-Sarraf, Janice Gibson

The study aimed at comparing the problems and coping strategies of Kuwaiti and American adolescents, and the types of help they seek to solve their problems.107 Kuwaiti and 787 American adolescents of both sexes, between the ages of thirteen to fifteen, were selected as the sample of the study. Data collection and coding instruments, as well as procedures used to collect data in the two countries were similar. A regular questionnaire was used, and translated into Arabic for the Kuwaiti population. The psychometric properties of the tool were obtained, and the following results were arrived at:

1- Although schooling is the most frequently reported problem for both Kuwaiti and American adolescents, academic failure and achievement appear to be of far more concern among all groups of Americans, than of Kuwaiti groups. Teacher - related concerns appear to be more important to Kuwaitis than to Americans.

2- As for coping strategies, individual problem-solving is reported most frequently for all groups. Being resigned is more frequently reported as a coping method for Kuwaitis, than for their American counterparts.

3- With regard to preferred helpers, both groups are more likely to approach a family member for help with problems. However, Kuwaiti females are less likely than American females, to seek help from non-family members.

The study makes the point that counselors of adolescents in both countries should realize that the problems of young people will be related to their stage of development, and that although some differences between the two groups of adolescents can be anticipated, the concerns of adolescents are generally overwhelming.

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