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Volume :16 Issue : 61 1998      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Women's Issues in Arab Society, as Reflected by the Daily News: An Analytic Comparative Study between the Kuwaiti Journal Al-Anbaa and the Egyptian Journal Al-Akhbar (in Arabic)

Auther : Nidhal Al- Mousawi

This study aims to describe and explain the journalistic treatment of womens issues in the Egyptian journal Al - Akhbar and the Kuwaiti journal Al - Anbaa. The study used the method of Analysis Content of October 1995, in which a random sample was selected from each journal.

The study also used an analysis content questionnaire, which was prepared and codified in accordance with the requirememts and aims of the study.

The results are summed up in one statement, that the journalistic treatment of womens issues, has generally been one of explanation and interpretation, and not merely for information, because the informative substance did not represent more than 28% of the total contents of the parts through which womens issues are treated, while the journalistic topics, investigations and other articles are about 62%. So, it is considered a positive trend in journalistic treatment. This trend is more prominent in the Kuwaiti journal Al - Anbaa, as compared with the Egyptian journal Al - Akhbar.

On the other hand, the study revealed the concentration of journals on womens issues at the regional level rather than at the Pan-Arabic level. So, the Egyptian journal concentrated on Egyptian issues, and the Kuwaiti journal on Kuwaiti issues. The issues concerning Arab women in general, were not concentrated on. The absence of a unified Arabic Information Policy regarding this important subject ensured the dispersion and partition of the Arabic womens issues, despite the obvious similarity of its proponents in Arabic society as a whole. Besides, the study stated that journalistic treatment of the womens issues still emphasised the traditional role and status of women through concentration on the feminine, parental and family aspects. These areas occupy nearly 30% of all the journalistic investigations on women.

The cultural, economic and political subjects, however, have obtained a ratio of nearly 70% of the above investigations. In spite of this confusion, the situation is better than before, according to the results of many studies conducted in this field.

The study needs to pay more attention to the role of Arabic journalism in the areas representing the ambition and inspiration of the Arab woman in cultural, economic and political participation and efficiency.

 

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