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Volume :18 Issue : 70 2000      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Social and Political and Psychological Changes in Kuwait: An After math of the Gulf War

Auther : Yousef Ali, Katherine Meyer

This paper examines stress among Kuwaiti citizens in the aftermath of the Gulf War. We examine the impact of individuals political allegiances and cultural norms in a time of political crisis while controlling for variables traditionally used to measure status, social support, personal control and stress. We surveyed a random sample of 1500 Kuwaiti citizens in 1994, two years after the Gulf War ended and during a continued period of occupation. Ordinary least squares regression and progressive adjustment analyses demonstrated that citizens who feel powerful and occupy social statuses which are powerful experience less stress. Analyses also demonstrated how involvement in social groups and interactions with family and friends over politics can be stressful in periods of war and invasion when a culture is politicized. We found that respondents who discussed politics with family and friends experienced stress. We also found that citizens who sided with the nations defeated in the Gulf War and consequently were not aligned with the national political agenda of Kuwait were stressed. Finally, we found that first class citizens, caught with balancing traditional ideas and Western norms, were stressed despite the stress-proofing advantage of their social positions.

 

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