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Volume :28 Issue : 109 2010      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Syntactical Role of the Particles an and ay And Their Semantic Effect on Gestures of Al-hadith (in Arabic)

Auther : Ali M. N. Al Madani

This study is based on twenty five hadith out of three hundred hadith that contain various gestures. All twenty five chosen hadiths used the Particles an and ay in the interpretation of occurring gestures.
If it hadn’t been for the gestures there would not have been a need to verbally interpret ate the hadiths since the gestures are considered nonverbal language while narration is considered verbal language. Thus there was a necessity to transform the gesture into verbalized language to convey the meaning of the verbalized hadith to those who didn’t witness the gestures taking place.
By tracking the gestures of the hadiths it is evident that they are mostly interpreted by either an or ay , the latter being more frequent,. And the gestures are mostly explained within the hadith either by a particle followed by a verbal or nominal clause, or without a particle, via a circumstantial accusative clause. However, if the gestures are not interpreted in the hadith then its implication is either understood within the context or it is pointed out directly, dispensing the need for interpretation. 
Therefore many hadiths used in this study reveal the importance of gesture especially in the case where verbal communication is not possible.
Another conclusion derived from this study is that the interpretations of gestures should be syntactically analyzed
permutative as substitutional or circumstantial clauses. It also seems that gestures which can be verbally interpreted are sometimes replaced by syntactical items.
Unlike previous studies by syntactions, this study finds that verbal clauses interpreted by ay do not necessary start with a present tense verb. The clause sometimes initiates with an imperative or a past tense verb.

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