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Volume :8 Issue : 31 1988      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Sociolinguistic Factors Affecting the Illocutionary Force of an Utterance (Example from Hindi and Arabic)

Auther : Sagar Mal Gupta

The Purpose of this paper is to discuss how sociolinguistic factors affect the illocutionary force of an utterance. The sociobiological factors discussed are age, profession and sex. The linguistic factor discussed is sub-cultural assumptions that underlie a particular utterance. The illocutionary force is discussed with reference to locution, illocution and perlocution. It is discovered that even in the same culture, interlocutors fail to understand the illocutionary force of an utterance. The paper tries to find out the reason for the breakdown of communication.
The Hindi and Arabic data collected from real conversation are analysed from the point of view of communication failure and reasons are found out.
The conclusions arrived at the paper are that even in the same culture, there can be differences in sub-cultural assumptions because of differences in age, profession and sex. The failure to understand the sub-cultural assumptions lead to the break down of communication. In an exhaustive theory of speech acts, these differences should be taken into account.

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