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Volume :34 Issue : 133 2016      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Methodology Problem in Ibn al-Mu'tazz's Kitāb alBadĩ (in Arabic)

Auther : Mishari Al-Musa

The main purpose of Ibn al-Mu'tazz's Kitab al-Badi' is to draw a conclusion that the new style, known as Badi' and used by some Abbasid poets who are called muhdathun, as opposed to al-mutaqaddimun, is not new, and that the mutaqaddimun are the pioneers of Badi' poetry and have employed it in their poetry and prose. Ibn al-Mu'tazz explicitly mentions this in his book preface. To achieve his purpose, Ibn al-Mu'tazz divides the new style/Badi' into five kinds:

metaphor, paranomasia, antithesis, repetition of a word from the first half of a line at the second half, and the method of kalam. He starts to list examples of Badi' by mutaqaddimun and muhdathun. By listing

examples, Ibn al-Mu'tazz believes that he successfully proves that muhdathun are not pioneers of Badi', and that the difference between mutaqaddimun's and muhdathun's Badi' poetry is only the quantity,

which is a minor difference. This paper aims to review Ibn al-Mu'tazz's conclusion, display his methodological mistakes, and survey studies which have discussed this issue before, such as the studies of Shawqi Dhayf, Muhammad Mnadur, Suzanne Stetkevych, and Saud al-Ruhaili.

 

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