Kuwait-University-Journal-of-Law-header
Search
Journal of Law

Previous Issues

Advance Search
Year : From To Vol
Issue Discipline:
Author

Volume :39 Issue : 153 2021      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Politics and Orientalism: Arminius Vambéry and the Eastern Question (in Arabic).

Auther : Zakaria Alrefai

The study aims to examine the connection between Orientalism and politics. It attempts to understand and analyze aspects of the tools and mechanisms of Orientalism. Moreover, the study sheds light on the stereotypical image of the Ottoman Empire in the circles of Orientalism. In order to achieve this aim, the paper explores the life and activities of the Hungarian, Arminius Vambéry, that embody the relationship between politics and Orientalism.
The main challenge for the study was the fact that Arminius Vambéry’s political activities in his published works (The Life and Adventures of Arminius Vambéry, 1883, and The Story of My Struggles: The Memoirs of Arminius Vambery, 1905) have been neglected. His career as a secret agent or a mediator remained controversial until The British Foreign Office released his secret correspondence in 2005. Furthermore, the International Conference held in 2013 revealed many of his activities and opinions. Seeing as these aspects about Vambéry remain unknown in general and to the Islamic and Arab world in particular, this paper seeks to fill this gap in the literature.
The study applies a historical approach to understand Vambéry’s background, especially his Jewish roots and the Hungarian culture, which heavily influenced him as a young man and that continued to influence the stances he took on foreign policy later on in his life.
The results of the study clarify that Vambéry was an exceptional and unusual personality, and he succeeded in adopting various identities. He had to convert to Islam and declared himself Christian for the sake of being employed in the university. He also became actively involved as a political agent to serve British interests. From the mid 1870s he was officially employed by the British Foreign Office. He consistently supported the idea of the greatness of the British Empire and considered the idea of Pan-Islam as a threat against the European Civilization. He advised not to lose precaution particularly in places like India and Egypt. Additionally, Vambéry never abandoned his Jewish roots and believed himself to be acting on behalf of Hungarian Jews as well as the Jews of the world.
Nevertheless, the researcher recommends that further investigation is to be done on Vambéry’s works, especially on his views regarding the Ottoman Tanzimat or the period of reform in the Ottoman Empire. Moreover, Vambéry’s heritage ought to be translated in order to better understand the relationship between Orientalism and politics during the nineteenth century.
 

Keywords: Vambéry, the Islamic World, the Eastern Question, The British Empire, Zionism.
 

Journal of Law
Journal of Law

You are Visitor No.

99420

Journal of Law
Journal of Law
Tell your friendsJournal of Law
Journal of Law
Journal of Law

Last Updated

Dec 08, 2019

Journal of Law
Journal of Law
Journal of Law

Please enter your email Here to receive our news

Journal of Law