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Volume :16 Issue : 62 1990      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

THE CONCENTRATION OF POPULATION IN KUWAIT

Auther : A. Y. A. Al-Sabah

  •   Introduction

         Kuwait is located in West Asia between the three major powers of the Gulf region: Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Iran.  It is very small in area (7,780 square miles), extreme in wealth (1985 GNP U.S. $22,800 per capita), and a microstate in population (1.7 million in 1985).

        In Kuwait, oil was discovered in 1930s but its exports were taken up only after the end of Second World War.  As the oil revenues started to flow in, the Government of Kuwait took up the development of the country in a big way.  Massive plans were drawn up to build highways and roads, schools and hospitals, residential, commercial and industrial complexes, oil refineries and other infrastructures (El-Shalakani 1989).  As a result of these developmental activities, the country has experienced very rapid economic development, large scale immigration and high population growth.

        Since the year of independence, the population of Kuwait has increased by more than five times – from 321,621 to 1,697,301 in 1985.  Between the 1961 – 65 and 1965 – 70 intercessor periods, the growth rate of the population was around 9 per cent per annum.  It declined to around 6 per cent over the next two intercessor periods and to 4.5 per cent in the 1980 – 85 periods.

 

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