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Volume :37 Issue : 142 2011      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Impact of Public Transport Accessibility on the Development of Tourism Areas in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Auther : Dr. Saad Bin N. Al-Hussein

     Accessibility plays an effective role in the development of tourism areas. It is well known that the revitalization of tourism requires the availability of an accessible and affordable transport system. The lack of accessibility or its difficulties is an impediment to the development of tourist sites, even if it has natural and/or human vitals.
     The General Commission for Tourism and Antiquities in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia divides - in its Strategic Master Plan - divides the Kingdom provinces into three tourism areas, (Existing Tourism Development Areas, Emerging Tourism Development Areas, and New Tourism Development Areas). Based on the fact that, the processes of developing tourism areas cannot be performed without developing transportation services, the relationship between transportation and tourism have been studied by examining the effects of public transport (SAPTCO) upon Tourism Development Areas in the Kingdom. Accessibility indices (Shimbel index, nodes links index, economic accessibility index, and potential accessibility index) were constructed to measure the extent of accessibility between tourism areas in the Kingdom, and the degree of probability of access. As well as developing a future prospective for enhancing tourism development areas.
     The study proposes the division of Tourism Development Areas into four degrees or grades according to its importance in accessibility. As such, an accessibility map for tourism areas was drawn using GIS technique. It was found that Makkah Province is on the top of the list in terms of economical accessibility and potential accessibility. In contrast, the Northern Frontier Boundary has the least degree in economical accessibility and potential accessibility. To conclude, in order to promote a successful tourism in these areas, the role of public transport in the provision of affordable and easy services must be enhanced.
 

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