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Volume : 36 Issue : 124 2021

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Author :Dr. Sundus Adel Al-Obaid
Discipline :Hadith

The Foundations of the Normal Personality in the Prophetic Sunnah

This study follows the foundations of Normal Personality in the Prophetic Sunnah, with elaboration of the concept of the Normal Personality and its units in Sunnah.
It concluded that: The Integrated Normal Personality in the Prophetic Sunnah is originated from the motivation of strong faith in Allah, Exalted is He, and is the follower of the approach of Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) in life;
This personality consists of three units as follows; Values and attributes, Cognitive Schemas, Motivations&Emotions; and
There are seven foundations of this personality; achieving faith in Allah the Almighty, balance between the spiritual and the physical aspect, self-esteem, achieving social interaction, Psychological resilience, emotional maturity, optimism and positivism.
Key Words: Foundations, Personality, Normal, Approach, Prophetic
 

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Author :Dr. Mutlaq Jasser Aljasser
Discipline :Fiqh

Model For Addressing The Doubtful Things Raised on Islamic Jurisprudential Rulings And Its Application to The Doubtful Things of Islamic Jurisprudence of Prescribed Punishment (Hudud)

Intellectual suspicions raised about Islam have increased in this era, due to the great media and cultural openness, and partial treatment of these suspicions is not as useful as a systematic and original treatment.
Therefore, this research presents a scientific research model based on the dismantling of the suspicions raised about the jurisprudential rulings, and it is based on clear and specific steps, with the application of suspicions in the jurisprudence of the hudud.
And that is by deconstructing the suspicion and analyzing its parts, then clarifying the totality, then taking into account the semantic development of words, then evoking the historical context, and this is followed by verifying the correctness of the transmission, then asking for correct evidence. The purpose of compassion for the individual and society.
Key words: suspicions, research model, hudud
 

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Author :Dr. Suleiman Abdullah Al Saud
Discipline :Hadith

TraditionalCriticism Assets -Fundamentalist study

The research investigates the major criticism assets which  based on the criticism approach in Mohadethin, and highlights  observance of these criticism assets in the criticism  rules and the evidence of Mohadethin, and shows their impact on the judgments of critics and their applications, and warns that the general rules of tradition criticism and evidence belong to major criticism assets in the field of confirmation and lack of, and the field of solidarity and strengthening, and the opposition,fieldof confirmation and non-.
It’s monitored novels rules and criticism methodology to Modernists, their judgment and actions, comprehensive with criticism rules and relatives. Includes various traditional criticism basis with accurate results to be minding believes and references in criticism discrepancies.
The research emphasizes the importance of studying these great criticism assets, which based on approach of criticism among the Mohadethin, and their close relationship with the rules of tradition criticism and its evidence. It also notes the integration of the critical approach among the Mohadethin between theory it is recommended to link the judgments of the critics and their applications with these assets and to study the extent of their impact on traditionscience and its types.
Keywords: (CriticismAssets, CriticismMethod, Transmission Criticism)

 

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Author :Dr. Arif Mohammed Al-Janahi
Discipline :Comparative Fiqh

Ruling on Luxury of eating gold flakes

The luxury of eating gold flakes is a jurisprudential issue that began to surface in the Arab and Islamic countries.
Those eating gold flakes are unaware of its Islamic ruling and see as normal practice as no proof forbids it.However, to reach a jurisprudential ruling on this issue, I set forth the ruling of eating and drinking with gold vessels or that contain gold, the using gold in matters other than eating and drinking and opinions regarding this matter. Then, I looked the meanings of the Narrations “Ahaadeeth” on prohibition of eating and drinking using vessels of gold. Then I explained the “Illas” (reasons) the scholars educed from the Narrations “Ahaadeeth” to measure other rulings accordingly. I also depended on the concept of consent the Islam’s four scholars invoked in their basic jurisprudence rules. I discussed the evidences that may be used by others and showed the most favored opinion and the reason of this favoring, then compared with the scholars’ sayings. In conclusion, I mentioned the findings reached and the recommendations.
Research Key words:eating gold- using gold- gold flakes- gold ice cream- gold cakes– goldsandwiches- gold tea- gold coffee.
 

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Author :Prof. Wassan Saad Al-Rasheedi
Discipline :Fiqh

Intellectual Property of Plant Varieties that are Genetically Modified -Legitimated Study

This study discusses one of legitimated issues which is Intellectual Property of Plant Varieties that are Genetically Modified. It will shed light on the concept of genetic engineering science, and the meaning of genetic engineering on a variety of plant species. In addition, it will illustrate the impact of genetic engineering in facing not only agricultural problems, but also complications related to the general health and what some consider a dangerous manipulation in the genetics of the plant species. Assuring its catastrophic effect on both mankind and the environment.
The study presented the opinions of contemporary scholars regarding thegenetic modification and its effects on the environment and humans as per general scripture objectives.
On the other hand, the study discussed the concept and types of intellectual property and it showed its importance in being one of the fruits of advanced civilization while discussing scholar opinion of protecting and trading this type of property. In addition to making this genetically modified plant a product that is protected by intellectual property laws and general regulations. Moreover, it will discuss how implementing intellectual property laws without and limitations will lead to monopoly and abuse on the world vegetation market.
The key words: Intellectual Property, Genetic Engineering, Gene, Plant, Purposes of the law, Food security.
 

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Author :Dr. Ayman Mosaad Mustafa
Discipline :Comparative Fiqh

The legitimacy of estimation of theMaalikis, between the suspected and the decisive

The legitimacy of estimation in the Qur’an and Sunnah and sayings of scholars are not on the same degree. Many of the scholars may not distinguish between what is absolute and can not be changed, nor can it be agreed upon, as in matters of inheritance fixed by the decisivetexts and the consensus of the nation. The researcher followed the words of the Maalikis in relation to the legitimateestimations, and the scholars of the Maalikis, then address the questions that show arranged and degrees of these estimations in terms of deterministic and suspected, and based on that of the scientific and practical impact on the legality of diligence in the abilities or lack thereof.
This study came in three sections:
The first topic: the definition of estimations, and arranged in the charge of the person
The second topic: Definition of suspicious and decisive in language and terminology
The third topic: Ruling on ijtihad in the legitimate capacities
Under these three investigations, the study concluded with a brief conclusion that includes the most important results, and God succeed
Keywords: estimations, suspicious, decisive, ijtihad, Maliki School.

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