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Volume :24 Issue : 3 1996      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The relationship between rainfall and some atmospheric and geographical factors in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Auther : Abdel-Malek Ksm EL-Sayed Mohammed

The study aims to demonstrate the relationship between mean monthly and annual rainfall and six specified atmospheric and geographical factors defined by ; Atmospheric humidity , air temperature , relief, distance from the red sea , latitude and longitude co- ordinates , and the impact of such factors on rainfall variations in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia . it has been asserted that a strong positive correlation  exists between the relief and humidity factors and average rainfall , whilst the relationship between the other specified factors tends to be negative and variable in terms of the correlation coefficient value and statistical significance level. The study has also demonstrated strong correlations among some of the atmospheric and geographical factors which may imply their interdependence with respect to their effect on rainfall variations in the Kingdom . in providing the probable contribution of such factors to rainfall in the Kingdom, it has been found from the analysis of variance that the six specified factors contribute about 85% In the total variance in the rainfall data, and  that the variance explained by the humidity accounts for about 51% ,whilst the relief factor contributes about 24% of the total variance which indicates their significance as rainfall  contributors in Saudi Arabia . As for the remaining factors under consideration , it has been disclosed  that their significance tends to be limited and their contribution to the rainfall variation very markedly from one month to the other in the march seasons .

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