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Volume :46 Issue : 2 2018      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Difference in Visual Disabilities between Two Samples from Egypt and Kuwait according to Some Psychological Indicators

Auther : Amthal AL-Huwailah Hanaa A. M. Shuwaikh

The study aimed to determine the fegree of variance with respect to satisfaction with life, self-efficacy, depression, and psychological loneliness among a sample of persons with cisual disabilities according to nationality, gender, the cause of visual disability, and history of injury.
In order to verify the hypotheses of the study, a set of questionnaires including the demographic questionnaire, satisfaction with life scale, self-efficacy scale, beck depression inventory, and psychological loneliness scale has been used. After fulfilling the psychometric requirements of the set, data was collected from a sample of: (1) Egyptian group comprising (N=59) persons with visual disabilities (29 males, 30 females), whose ages ranged from 35 to 42 years, with a mean of 38.43 (SD=3.45); (2) Kuwaiti group comprising (N=25) persons with visual disabilities (15 males, 10 females), whose ages ranged from 32 to 50 yeats, with a mean of 32.04 (SD=5.33).
The findings of the study were as follows: (1) there were significant between the Egyptians and Kuwaitis with visual disabilities in both satisfaction with life and self-efficacy; (2) there were no differences between males and females with visual disabilities in satisfaction with life, self-efficacy, depression, and psychological loneliness; (3) the satisfaction with life and self-efficacy varied according to the cause of visual disability and history of the injury.
Keywords: Satisfaction with life, Self-efficacy, Depression, Psychological loneliness, Visual Disabilities.

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