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Volume :45 Issue : 1 2017      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Beliefs of Teachers and Students about Foreign Language Learning in the Faculty of Social Sciences - Kuwait UniversityHeading

Auther : Abbas Al-Shammari Ahmad Ali Sahiouni

This research,carried out in February and March of the academic year 2014/2015,sheds light on the beliefs of both students and teachers in the Faculty of Social Sciences at Kuwait University regarding learning English as a Second Language (ESL). Since the research is a social survey, it is classified as a social descriptive study. The focus of the study was on the similarities and differences between these beliefs as well as the influence of gender on these beliefs.The study comprised two samples of 168 students and 13 teachers. A questionnaire based on Horwitz's BALLI (Beliefs About Language Learning Inventory) of 1985, 1987, 1988 and its modifications,together with a demographic questionnaire, were given to the two samples of students and teachers.The questions varied in their scope and covered the following: the characteristics of foreign language learning, the learners' motivations and expectations, the difficulty of language learning, gender differences, foreign language aptitude, and learning and communication strategies. The results of the study show that students and teachers have different sets of beliefs, where substantial variables concerning beliefs were detected on 16 out of 28 items (P.05). The differences in gender obviously show an influence on students' beliefs.The findings suggest that the differences in students' and teachers' expectations were attributed to the students' state of frustration, inherent refusal to activities, in appropriately focused study skills, and lack of motivation. Students and teachers were given the chance to identify and assess their own individual beliefs about language learning; therefore, it became possible to reveal and address any mismatches. Christian and Krahnke (1986) supported the idea that the beliefs language learners hold constitute a beneficial basis of insight into language learning, particularly in the case of combination with the analysis of both the learner's activity and teacher's behavior.
Key words: Behavior, Gender Differences, Motivations and Expectations, Learning and Communication Strategies, Inherent Refusal..

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