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Volume :44 Issue : 2 2016      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Emergent Roles Of Syrian Women Refugees in Jordan Rethinking Role Theory and Its Frontiers

Auther : Mohammed AbdulKareem Al-Horani

This study aimed at revealing the emergent roles of Syrian women refugees. The study focused on three emergent roles: First, the ration-productive role which includes the different struggles and efforts of women refugees in order to manage their family sustenance. Second, the gender role which includes the changes of women's authority and influence. Third, the emotional act which embodies the efforts made by women refugees to manage their emotions and to hide their real emotions by feigning for the sake of their family stability. The sample of this study comprised (61) Syrian women refugees who lived outside Al-Zaatari Camp for Syrian refugees and who were recruited for this purpose. The data of this study was collected by using the method of in-depth interviews.
The results showed that most of the women refugees were involved in new emergent roles after they became refugees. Most of these women shifted from working domestically as housewives into working productively in jobs that generate revenue in public affairs. In addition, the results showed that Syrian women refugees were transformed from their gender-based submission and dependency into a position of patriarchal authority and decision making. Furthermore, Syrian women refugees were involved in emotional acts through managing their emotions by concealing their suffering and resentment in the presence of their family members. This emergent role was neglected and not taken into consideration by the role theory and its frontiers as it is problematic and emerges from the rapid and sudden transformations to create a radical change in the role-set and gender structures. Although such transformations are considered privileges in natural circumstances, yet they are regarded as extra burdens in the emergent roles; hence, the emergent role carries excess burden, centers on obligations and involves strenuous efforts towards managing emotions and feigning. The strain resultant from the act of feigning may only be summarized by its existential worthiness related to sacrifice for the wellbeing of the family.

Keywords: Emergent role, Ration-productive Role, Leadership Role, Emotional Act

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