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Volume :42 Issue : 3 2014      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Crisis of Working Palestinian Women's Political Participation (Current Levels and Constraints) An Empirical Study on a Sample of Women Working in the Gaza Strip

Auther : Emran Ali Elian

This study aims at identifying the status of Palestinian women who participate in political life in the Gaza Strip. It seeks to determine the  levels of such participation and mark the obstacles that impede it. To achieve this, the researcher has designed a questionnaire to collect data. After checking the research instruments' validity and reliability , the researcher applied them on a sample of (200) working women in the Gaza governorate. The study came to the conclusion that the overall level of women's participation in the political process is poor estimated at (49.1%); whereas the percentage of women who encourage political extremism has reached (63.8%). In contrast, the ratio of women  interested in political actions has reached (53.7%); the number of activists  counted for(44.9%), and the politically marginalized counted for (34%). The study further concluded that no statiscally-significant differences in levels of political participation  were noted when considering the educational level  of participants, their social status, or monthly income. Conversely, statisically significant differences were spotted in favor of city female dwellers on the scale of women interested in political activism, and statisically significant differences in favour of women who dwell in camps and villages when considering the marginalized.  Furthermore, the study has concluded that  divorced women , educated women and women affiliated to political parties were the ones more engaged in political actions. The study's findings have shown that constraints varied from 'personal constraints' accounting for 69.1%, religious constraints estimated at 64.3 %, political constraints  61.9 %, social and cultural constraints at 58.3%, economic constraints 49.2 %, and legal constraints accounting for 39.8%.

Keywords:
Crisis, Political Participation For Women, Working Woman, Levels, Constraints.

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