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Volume :48 Issue : 1 2020      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Efficiency of Spatial Distribution of Health Centers in Karak Qasaba, Southern Jordan, Using the Geography Information System

Auther : Shatha Rawashdeh - Ayed Taran - Saleh Kasasbeh -Taleb Masarwah

Abstract: The study aimed to analyze the efficiency of spatial distribution of health centers in Karak Qasaba, and to determine its pattern and trend in the area in an attempt to identify to what degree was it compatible with planning standards in relation to access distance. To achieve these objectives, the study implemented the descriptive approach, the historical approach, and the analytical approach, using some statistical methods such as Chi square and Regression coefficient, as well as special analysis methods of the GIS, such as Moran Index, Standard Distance, Mean Center, the Nearest Neighbor Coefficient among others. The study showed that Karak Qasaba suffered from poor distribution and shortage in health centers in the urban communities affiliated to Karak Qasaba and that the spatial distribution of health centers was not compliant with the planning standards for access distance, and it followed a random and dispersed pattern of distribution that reflected negatively on the quality of services provided by the health centers to the community of the district. The study recommends establishing health centers in the areas that suffer from a shortage in health centers and taking advantage of the capabilities of GIS in the field of planning and development.
Keywords: Spatial Distribution, Health Centers, Geographical Information System, Moran Index, Standard Distance..

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