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Volume :48 Issue : 2 2020      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Corruption Levels and Their Impact on the Froms of the 2011 Arab Uprisings and Their Consequences (2011 to 2017)

Auther : Khaled Aldabbas Khalid AL-Edwan

Objective: This study aims at exporing the impact of corruption levels on the forms of the 2011 Arab Uprisings in Tunisia, Egypt, Syria, Libya, Temen, Jordan, and Morocco. The study also aims at answering the following central question: Have the corruption levels played a major role in forming the 2011 Arab Uprisings toward reform, violence, or civil war. Methods: It is based on quantitative indicators published by International Institutions. Analytical descriptive, statistical, and comparative methods were used in this research, This study is divided into two preiods: The first period extends from 2005 until 2011 and the secound one from 2011 to 2017. Results: The study revealed that the 2011 Arab Uprising countries can be divided into three groups, the firts group is still facing a civil wae Libya, Yemen, and Syria). The levels of corruption are very high. The second group witnessed bloody Uprisings without civil wars, and their presidents were overthrown, such as Egypt, Tunisia The levels of corruption are less than the first group. The third group witnessed major protests without overthrowing the presidents (Jordaan, Morocco). These countries are monarchies, and the levels of corruption are less than the previous groups. Conclusion: The results of this study show that there is a strong correlation between the corruption levels based on CPI and FSI in forming of the 2011 Arab Uprisings toward reform, violence, or civil war.
Keywords: Corruption levels, The 2011 Arab uprising, Fragile states, Transparency.

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Aug 09, 2020

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