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Volume :48 Issue : 2 2020      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Assessment of Water Balance Elements as an Indicator of Climate Change in North of Jordan for the Period (1974-2013)

Auther : Noah M. Al-Sababhah Samer A. Al-Nawaiseh Mohammad A. Zeitoun

This research investigates the influences of climate change on water balance for the timeframe (1974-2013) in the north region of Jordan based on (TM) model. Methoods: In tis regard, (TM) model was implemented for two periods namely (1974-1993) and (1994-2013) in order to find the relationship between the results of (TM) model for the above mentioned preiods and hence estimate the current water situation in noth region. This is due to the fact the (TM) model is considered as a real indicator fo the changing of the values of water balance elements over times. In the study area, water balance has been estimated using (TM) model for every climatic station in the region. This was performed through using the jusitfied Thornthwaite water balance. The dataset was devided into two main periods namely (1974-1993) and (1994-2013) than the chances in water balance elements was determined and correlated with the results evaporation has cheged by around (+4%), the water feficit (+5%), water surplus (-1%) and water run off (-2%) for the period of (1994-2013) comparing with the period of (1974-1993) in RaswMuneef station. Whereas Mafraq station has experienced changes in the potential ecaporation and water deficit by around (+7%) and (+10%) respectively when comparing between the two periods, In Irbed station the percentage of changes between the two periods for water surplus and runoff were around (-15%). Conclusion: This has been proved by th precious studies which are related to the climate change.
Keywords: Climate Change, Water Balance, Evaporation,North of Jordan.

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Aug 09, 2020

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