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Volume :2 Issue : 1 1975      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

A GENERAL SURVEY OF BLOOD PARASITES OF BIRDS FROM KUWAIT

Auther : A. H. H ELMYM OHAMMED AND MUNA M. S. AL-TAQI

Department of Zoology, University of Kuwait

 

Abstract.

 

Seven hundred birds of 84 species or subspecies (from 40 genera, 22 famllies and 11 orders) were collected from various regions in Kuwait, from January, 1971 to September, 1973, and examined for haematozoa. Blood parasites were detected in 269 birds (37%) harbouring 306 infections (221 pure, 28 double and 10 triple): Haemoproteus (sensu lato) in 223 birds (31.8%) belonging to 33 species or subspecies (19 genera. 10 families and 5 orders). Leucocytozoon (s. lato) in 22 birds (3.14%) belonging to 12 speies or subspecies (9 genera, 5 families and 3 orders); Plasmodium, Lankesterella and Trypanosorna were detected only in birds of the order Passeriformes: Plasmodium in 19 birds (2.71%) belonging to 10 species (9 genera and 5 families). Lankesterella in 13 birds (1.85%) belonging to 8 species (5 genera of 4 families), and Trypanosoma in 3 birds (0.43%) belonging to 3 species (3 genera of 2 families); Microfi1ariae in 26 birds (3.7%) belonging to 17 species (13 genera, 7 families and 3 orders). Comparisons were made regarding the relative incidence of haematozoa in general and of the various genera of parasites in the various orders of birds concerned and in the various families of the Passeriformes. Again, results of the present survey are analysed in various ways and compared with those of certain selected surveys especially from Egypt, Norway. United States. Labrador, Panama and Australia. Relevant comments and plausible inductions are presented. The data obtained seem to confirm that, other factors being equal, the migration of a bird Increases its chances to acquire infection with blood parasites. All parasitic infections reported in the present paper are new host and parasite records for Kuwait

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