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Volume :21 Issue : 1 1994      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The mosquito fauna of Kuwait

Auther : ALI M. SALIT? MOHAMED ZAKARIA, MOHAMED BALBA AND

ABSTRACT

Although Kuwait is considered to be a receptive area for mosquito borne-diseases, no

indigenous cases of malaria or filariasis have yet occurred in the country. To protect Kuwait

from active transmission of these diseases, country-wide entomological surveys have been

carried out since 1975 by the Insect and Rodent Control Division, Ministry of Health, to detect

mosquito species composition and their breeding sites to be followed up by control measures.

Two anopheline species and eight culicine species of mosquitoes have been recorded in

Kuwait. Since 198 1, Anopheles (Myzomyia) stephensi and A. (Myzornyia) pulcherrimus have

been encountered in their breeding places, associated with Cu1e.u (Barraudius) pusillus, C.

(Culex) univittatus and C. ( C ) theileri. Larvae of C. (C) tritaeniorh.ynchus have been found in

small numbers since 1987. C. (C) pipiens complex (molestus and quinquejasciatus) is the

prevailing species, whereas Culiseta longiareolata ranks second. Aedes caspius is the only

species of the genus Aedes to be found in Kuwait. Keys for the larval and adult stages of these

species are given.

 

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