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Volume :37 Issue : 2 2010      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

First observed coronal mass ejection from the Middle East using cosmic rays

Auther : I. SABBAH*, M. TOKUMARU**, M. L. DULDIG*** AND

*Department of Natural Sciences, College of Health Sciences, the Public Authority of Applied Education and Training, Kuwait

**Solar Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8601, Japan

***Australian Antarctic Division, Kingston, Tasmania 7050, Australia

****Southern Regional Space Research Center (CRS/INPE), P.O. Box 5021, 97110-970, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil

 

ABSTRACT

 

The Global Muon Detector Network (GMDN) was significantly enhanced by installing a multi-directional cosmic ray (CR) muon hodoscope at Kuwait University in March, 2006. The GMDN currently consists of four multi-directional muon detectors located at Nagoya (Japan), Hobart (Australia), S?o Martinho da Serra (Brazil) and Kuwait University (Kuwait). This Network continuously monitors the galactic CRs intensity in a total of 60 conventional directional channels covering almost the entire sky. It represents an important tool for forecasting the arrival of a storm sudden commencement (SSC) several hours in advance. We recorded a solar storm precursor on 14 December, 2006; this was the first time a Middle Eastern detector was involved in such an observation. It produced a severe geomagnetic storm that sparked Northern Lights as far south as Arizona, in the United States.

 

Keywords: muon, galactic cosmic rays, geomagnetic storms.

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