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Volume :37 Issue : 2 2010      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

A finite-state approach to Arabic triliteral nominal morphology

Auther : S. ALNAJEM*, A. M. MUTAWA** AND A. A. AL-HOUTI**

* Kuwait University College of Arts, Department of Arabic

** Kuwait University College of Petroleum and Engineering, Department of Computer Engineering

ABSTRACT

This paper introduces a finite-state approach to the derivation of the nominal morphology of Arabic. The approach captures generalizations and dependencies governing the derivation of four types of derived nouns, namely: agent nouns, patient nouns, the semi-agent noun adjectives, and the exaggeration nouns. Such generalizations have been computationally captured using a sharing technique. This technique splits stem structures to isolate the shared part so that all the measures that share this part will refer to one expression. This technique has been applied to the finite-state networks to reduce redundancy in the network representation and to capture significant linguistically-motivated generalizations governing the morphological structure of stems. In our implementation we covered the major 35 nominal measures (stems) of the four types of derived nouns.

All networks were implemented using the Xerox Finite State Tools. The paper also gives a brief overview of previous attempts that have been made throughout the last two decades.

 

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