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Volume :20 Issue : 1 1993      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Late Pleistocene and Holocene sediments of the Khiran area (South Kuwait)

Auther : MOHAMED AL-SARAWI, ABDALLAH AL-ZAMEL AND IBRAHIM A. AL-RIFAIY

Department of Geology, University of Kuwait, P.O. Box 5969, Safat 13060, Kuwai

ABSTRACT

Late Pleistocene and Holocene sediments are exposed in the Khiran area of south Kuwait. There are five Chenier coastal ridges laid down as coastal dunes, composed of wind-blown oolites and sometimes siliciclastic sand, formed during phases of low-stand of sea level. The low areas between the ridges are sabkha plains filled by Recent sediments.

The ridges are transected by tidal creeks, which are remnants of an old drainage system that was active during the last phase of low-stand of sea level during the Würm glaciation. The tidal creeks are the site of intertidal sedimentation and are surrounded by areas of wet sabkhas.

The oldest ridge exposed in the area is older than the Flandrian transgression and may be c 23,000 years old.

Four younger, Holocene coastal ridges associated with the Flandrian transgression have been mapped. They represent phases of low-stand of sea level at 6,800, 5,800, 3,000 and 2,000 years BP.

Phases of high sea level stand are expressed by intertidal or subtidal sediments yielding marine shells, sometimes exposed at the foot of the ridges, or by erosional features, such as enlarged burrows affecting the lithified parts of the ridges.

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