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Volume :19 Issue : 2 1992      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Reducing the cost of Kuwaiti governmental housing projects by building expandable units

Auther : HUSAIN AL-KHAIAT AND SAMI M. FEREIG

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Kuwait,
P.O. Box: 5969, Safat, 13060, Kuwait
 
ABSTRACT
 
The Government of Kuwait has embarked upon an ambitious plan to provide, for each eligible family, a two- storey housing unit,. each on its own plot of land.  This scheme is proving to be very expensive and extremely demanding on land.  The availability of land for these housing units is now becoming a big problem.
 
This study presents two alternatives for the current housing systems provided by the Kuwaiti Government for Kuwaitis.  In the proposed systems, the housing units would be capable of future expansion when needed.  Thus, when the same family members need additional space, they can expand their housing unit instead of demanding another plot of land and house.  There would not be the same resentment as there was to high-rise living, since all the family members would be sharing same house, which has been the traditional Kuwaiti housing system.  This system of expansion would reduce the demand for new land, thus reducing the size of the land acquisition problem facing the Government, and also reduce cunstruction costs.
 
Two alternatives have been studied; in the first one the existing housing unit which is currently provided by the Government has been strengthened to be able to carry a third floor when the need arises, while in the second, a small would be built initially for the staring family, then- as the family increases-the house would be expanded horizontally and/or vertically according to the increase in family size.
 
A cost analysis for each alternative has been carried out using he life cycle costing technique to rank them and evaluate quantitatively the corresponding savings.  In the first proposal the saving would be in the range 8%-22% over the current cost, and in the second proposal the saving would be in the range 20%-29% over the current cost.  The low value is based on a 10% discount rate, while the high value is for a 5% discount rate.

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