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Volume :31 Issue : 1 2004      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Soil Survey for Farm Planning in Northern Kuwait

Auther : SHABBIR A. SHAHID1, SAMIRA A. S. OMAR1, MUAYYAD E. JAMAL2, ADEL SHIHAB2 AND HANAA ABO-RIZQ1

 
1Aridland Agriculture Department, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, P.O.Box 24885, 13109 Safat, Kuwait 2 Public Authority for Agricultural Affairs and Fish Resources, P.O.Box 21422, 13075 Safat Kuwait

ABSTRACT

 A detailed (first order) soil survey of a 50 ha farm site in northern Kuwait was conducted on a grid basis (100m x 100m) using the guidelines of the Natural Resources Conservation Service of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA-NRCS). The hypothesis was that this small farm site consisted of a single soil type and that information from existing surveys would be sufficient for farm planning. Survey results showed greater variability in soil types in the study site than hypothesized. Three soil subgroups were identified: Typic Calcigypsids, Typic Haplocalcids and Leptic Haplogypsids, and six soil series derived from these subgroups were mapped. The Typic Haplocalcids were ranked highest (category 1) and are moderately suitable for irrigated agriculture development, the Typic Calcigypsids are marginally suitable (category 2), and the Leptic Haplogypsids are currently to permanently unsuitable soils for irrigated agriculture (category 3) due to the presence of gypsum rich horizon within the upper 18 cm depth (root zone) of the profile. The results of this detailed soil survey rejected the hypothesis of a single soil type at this farm site and emphasized the significance of detailed prior assessment of soil types for farm layout and planning. Because soil type has a strong influence on agricultural productivity, it is recommended that detailed soil mapping be utilized on farm site in the development of integrated management plans for crop and animal production.

Keywords: Agriculture; Soil survey; Soil type; Land suitability; Kuwait.

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