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Volume :16 Issue : 1 1989      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

A preliminary study on the vegetation of the Mediterranean

Auther : RAFIK EL-GHAREEB* AND MALAK R. REZK

Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, University of Alexandria, Moharram Bey,

Alexandria, Egypt

 

ABSTRACT

 

The study area encompasses a number of habitats, each of which shelters a fairly distinct

vegetation. The unstabilised dunes are dominated by Elymus farctus, and the stabilized dunes and sand shadows by Echinops spinosissimus, Echium sericeum, Artemisia monosperma, Stipagrostis lanata and Ephedra alata. The most common species in the abandoned fields are Inula crithmoides, Cynodon dactylon and Phragmites australis. Salt marshes covered by sand deposits from adjacent dunes are codominated by Stipagrostis lanata and lnula crithmoides. Salt flats are codominated by Halocnemum strobilaceum, Schanginia aegyptiaca and Salicornia fruticosa. Close to the water level in the canal banks, Phragmites australis, Typha domingensis and Conyza dioscoridis dominate. In orchards, the most common species are Polypogon monspeliensis, Echinops spinosissimus, Stipagrostis lanata, Lolium perenne, Rumex pictus and Conyza linifolia. In the fields cultivated for vegetables, Cakile maritima and Rumex pictus dominate.

 

The vegetation composition of the study area is more related to the deltaic coastal vegetation than to that of the coastal region west of Alexandria, probably due to the greater similarities in soil characteristics and human activities.

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